Let's find out more about Elizabeth I and some of her main achievements.
What do we know about her already? Who were her parents? When did she reign? Who were her half-brother and half-sister?
Click on this link to find out all about her. As you read, make a note of any interesting facts you discover. Here are 3 ideas for note-taking. Try out one of the methods to collect information about Elizabeth I.
1. The mapping method
2. The bullet point method
3. The numbering method
Did you read about Elizabeth and her success against the Spanish ships that came to attack England? This is a very famous event from her reign. Read about it below:
The Spanish Armada
This is known as The Armada Portrait of Elizabeth I. Can you see the Spanish Armada out of the window behind Elizabeth?
Mary’s execution angered Catholics in Europe. The Pope encouraged King Philip II of Spain to invade England, remove Elizabeth and make the country Catholic again.
In 1588, Philip sent a fleet of 130 ships, known as the Spanish Armada, to England. The English fleet met the Armada in the English Channel, and sent burning ships into the midst of the Spanish ships, forcing them to split up and scatter. The Spanish retreated, intending to sail around the British Isles and back to Spain. But a terrible storm wrecked many of the ships off Scotland and Ireland – a storm that King Philip II would later refer to as the ‘Protestant wind‘.
This was a great triumph for Elizabeth – she even commissioned a portrait of her celebrating the victory (above). The English believed that this showed that God approved of the Queen. However, the war against Spain was far from over, and would last for another 19 years.
Elizabeth’s reign is looked back on as a ‘Golden Age‘ in British history. It was a time of great exploration by men such as Sir Francis Drake and Sir Walter Raleigh, who discovered new lands and set up new colonies overseas. Poetry, music and literature flourished, and London opened its first theatres. Playwrights such as William Shakespeare were hugely popular, especially with the Queen, who attended the first performance of Shakespeare’s ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’.
In 1601, near the end of her reign, Elizabeth gave what is known as the ‘Golden Speech‘ to her politicians. In it she expressed her love for her country and subjects, and said, “There is no jewel, be it of never so high a price, which I set before this jewel; I mean your love.”
Add some more facts from these paragraphs to your notes.
Elizabeth died in 1603 having reigned for 44 years. How old was she when she died?
That was the end of the Tudor era! I hope you have enjoyed learning about it.
If you have missed out some of the lessons marked "Off with her head" or "Terrible Tudors", go back through the Year 5 blogs to find them and choose a few more activities or clips to watch. Tracey Tooley is my favourite!